5 February 2018 marked 200 years since King Karl XIII died and King Karl XIV Johan became Sweden's monarch. To commemorate this event, The King and Queen and The Crown Princess Couple attended the seminar 'The Bernadotte dynasty: 200 years on the Swedish throne' on Monday afternoon in the Hall of State at the Royal Palace of Stockholm. The seminar also represented the start of the Bernadotte year celebrations.
Kungaparet och Kronprinsessparet deltog under måndagseftermiddagen i seminariet Ätten Bernadotte 200 år på Sveriges tron, i Rikssalen på Kungliga slottet. Det arrangerades med anledning av att ätten Bernadotte idag har suttit 200 år på Sveriges tron. Seminariet utgjorde också invigningen av märkesåret 2018. #bernadotte200 #kungahuset
The afternoon's seminar, 'The Bernadotte dynasty: 200 years on the Swedish throne', was arranged by the Royal Collections. Around 300 guests attended, including members of the Royal Family, and representatives from the Swedish Government and the political parties, the royal academies, authorities and organisations.
Talks were interspersed with music written by members of the Bernadotte dynasty, such as Prince Gustaf and Princess Eugénie. Court Trumpeter Olle Hermansen, Salvation Army Officer Daniel Viklund, the New Prince Quartet, the Army Music Corps and other musicians performed under the direction of Court Organist Mary Ljungquist Hen.
Marshal of the Realm Svante Lindqvist welcomed those present and spoke about Jean Baptiste Bernadotte's rise from soldier in the French army to King of Sweden. The Marshal of the Realm concluded his address by declaring the launch of the Bernadotte year.
There then followed the first part of the seminar, which dealt with art, culture and the humanities.
Director of the Royal Collections Margareta Nisser-Dalman presented the Bernadottes as depicted in art, with a talk titled 'Bernadotte portraits: 15 monarchs and consorts in 15 minutes'.
Director of the Zorn Museum Johan Cederlund then spoke about the Bernadottes as commissioners of buildings. This included the dynasty's contributions towards the construction and rebuilding of palaces, villas and gardens, such as Rosendal Palace, the Royal Palace in Oslo, Solliden Palace, Sofiero Palace and Waldemarsudde.
Deputy Palace Librarian Arvid Jakobsson spoke about the Bernadottes and the Bernadotte Library. The library is home to around 100,000 books that have been owned by the Bernadotte family, mainly kings and queens, from King Karl XIV Johan and Queen Desirée to King Gustaf VI Adolf and Queen Louise. The Bernadotte Library also includes photographs, sheet music, maps, lithographs and congratulatory addresses.
Senior Curator of the Royal Collections Lars Ljungström then spoke about the Bernadottes' interests in the arts and the humanities, including art and music, not only as patrons or amateurs, but also in many cases as practising artists at an advanced level.
The Bernadottes as patrons of cultural life was the subject of a talk by Master of Ceremonies Odd Zschiedrich, former Administrative Director of the Swedish Academy. He touched upon their commitment to and knowledge of art and culture, as well as their social and societal involvement.
After a break, the seminar continued with topics such as religion, society, politics, economics and science. Chief Court Chaplain Bishop Johan Dalman began by talking about the Bernadottes and religion.
'The Bernadottes in the service of humanity and mankind' was the title of a talk by Kerstin Hagsgård, Curator of the Royal Collections. This addressed the Bernadottes' philanthropic work, which has a long history. Members of the family have made significant efforts within fields such as science, culture, healthcare and youth activities.
Former Director General of the Swedish National Archives Erik Norberg then spoke about the Bernadottes in war, peace and neutrality.
Professor Lars Engwalls spoke on the subject of 'The Bernadottes: economics and politics'. He described the dramatic economic developments and political reforms that Sweden has undergone during the last 200 years.
Professor Anders Karlqvist rounded off the afternoon by talking about the Bernadottes and the sciences, and about historic and contemporary royal commitment to and support for research.
The King concluded the afternoon's seminar, saying:
"The Hall of State, and indeed the entire Royal Palace of Stockholm, is a historic place. We are often reminded that we are privileged to have the palace as our workplace. And not least on this day, as we commemorate the event that took place right here almost 200 years ago, when Crown Prince Karl Johan ascended to the throne and became King Karl XIV Johan.
"My wish is that this palace should be a living place, a place for discussion. A link between our history and the present day. I would venture to suggest that this would also have been the wish of my ancestor, King Karl XIV Johan."
The day concluded with a reception in the Bernadotte Gallery.
Idag har ätten Bernadotte suttit 200 år på Sveriges tron. Den 5 februari 1818 avled Karl XIII och Karl XIV Johan blev regent. Karl XIV Johan, som ursprungligen hette Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, föddes 1763 i staden Pau som ligger i sydvästra Frankrike. År 1799 blev Bernadotte utnämnd till Frankrikes krigsminister och fem år senare marskalk av Frankrike. 1806 blev han, av kejsare Napoleon I, utnämnd till furste av Ponte Corvo och vid riksdagen i Örebro 1810 valdes han till svensk tronföljare. Efter Karl XIII:s död, den 5 februari 1818, kröntes han först i Stockholm och därefter i Trondheim. Bild 1: grafiskt blad föreställande Karl XIV Johan som ung. En fransk text, syns ej i bilden, anger Generalen Bernadotte (1794), Prins av Ponte Corvo (1806) och Kung av Sverige och Norge (1818). Bild 2. Karl XIII porträtterad som hertig av Södermanland Olja på duk, utförd 1799 av Giovanni Battista Lampi. Foton: Alexis Daflos/ Kungl. Hovstaterna #bernadotte200 #kungahuset
Prince Wilhelm takes us on a guided tour of the Royal Palace of Stockholm, and talks about the Bernadotte dynasty and the interiors of the palace (in Swedish). Photo: Sveriges Television AB